Of Studies to be presented at the Scientific Conference
“VIETNAM – INDIA DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION ON ECONOMICS”
Assoc. Prof. PhD. Le Van Toan
Director of the Centre of Indian Studies
Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
Your Excellency Prof, Ph.D Ta Ngoc Tan, Member of the Executive Committee of The Communist Party of Vietnam, President of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics!
Your Excellency Mrs. Preeti Saran, Indian Ambassador to Vietnam!
Distinguished guests, Vietnamese and Indian scholars!
In 2015, under the direct instruction of the President of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, the India Research Centre at the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics works out scientific activities in many aspects. Scientific conferences at all levels, from the Academy-level to national and international levels will be major tasks among a series of the Centre’s scientific activities.
Over the past two months, since the Organizing Board called for scholars to contribute speeches and to attend the first conference entitled “Vietnam – India development cooperation on economics”, we have received a total of 38 written speeches by around 50 authors at home and abroad. These addresses were either written by individuals or by groups of authors. Of note, 42 Vietnamese leaders, managers and scholars and nearly 10 Indian leaders, scholars and businesspeople wrote speeches for this conference. The full participation of leaders, managers, politicians, scholars and businesspeople, internal and external, demonstrates great interest in India and its people, in the development cooperation between Vietnam and India, and in the India Research Centre with a desire to contribute something to the Vietnam – India friendly solidarity which enjoys a long-standing steady foundation and has been preserved, nourished and continuously developed to a new height by generations of the leadership and people from both countries.
With these initial achievements, on behalf of the Organizing Board and the India Research Centre, we would like to express our sincere thanks to your distinguished guests and scientists for your sentiments and knowledge for the scientific conference entitled “Vietnam – India development cooperation on economics”. We wish you all health and happiness. We wish the conference great success!
Your excellencies, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen!
All speeches in this conference focus on general matters and economic matters, especially the macroeconomics and microeconomics.
* In regard to general matters
Scholars have interpreted historical and contemporary contexts, the importance of the Vietnam – India relationship. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Tran Minh Truong from the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics has examined summarily the whole process that late President Ho Chi Minh laid the foundation for the establishment of Vietnam – India friendship since the first years of the 20th century; thoroughly analyzed and interpreted various historical events, articles and deeds of President Ho Chi Minh towards the Indian Government and people, through which he draws numerous precious lessons so as each of us nowadays should be held responsible for nourishing the Vietnam – India friendship to make it increasingly flourishes and bears fruits.
Prof., Ph.D Nguyen Hung Hau, from the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, thoroughly studied the history of Indian civilization and asserts that “right from the years 3000 – 2000 BC, India possessed a Hindu civilization which to some extent surpassed the Persian and Egyptian civilizations then”. India has a long-lasting culture, which based on a common outlook on life has created a specific spirit and imprinted hallmarks in all historical periods, no matter how different they are. The author intensively certified and explained the world outlook of the Hinduism, through which learns about the fundamental and sustainable things that create the strengths of India; the depth of a peaceful and matured soul and of a kind heart which cherishes every creature; as well as the foundations of a calm mind, a general philosophy of life.
Approaching the common cultural values of Vietnam and India, Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Pham Hong Chuong, from the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics analyzed in depth Indian foreign policies in order to comprehend Indian targets in international relationships; and to determine that the sustainable and long-term development of the Vietnam – India relationship will not purely base on interests of each nation in material aspect, but must base on the increased exchanges, understandings, apprehension and acceptance of cultural values from the two sides.
Approaching the Indian “Look East Policy”, scholar Vo Van Chi from the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Region IV generalized causes to the adjustment of the Indian “Look East Policy”; major contents of the “Look East Policy”; impacts of the “Look East Policy” on the Vietnam – India relationship in economics, sovereignty dispute over the East Sea, security – politics, culture, and human resource education and training. The author asserts that, the “Look East Policy” has contributed to enhancing the Vietnam – India tie from a fine traditional relationship to a strategic partnership.
The studies “Vietnam – India relation: the new stages of development” by scholar Doan Trung Dung – the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Region IV; “Vietnam – India relation: history and future” by Tran Thi Thuy and Nguyen Van Vy; and “Vietnam – India strategic partnership” by Ph.D Le Thu Hong, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Master Huynh Ngoc An, An Giang University summarily examined prominent achievements in the Vietnam – India relationship from the past to present in various areas: politics, economics, culture, religion, nationality, science and technology, and education and training. These authors claim that, the raising of the Vietnam – India relationship to a new height is suitable to the aspiration of the Parties, Governments and people of both countries; and advantageous to the development of the two nations, and to peace, stability and development in the region and in the world.
Through his sensitive and profound political security view, Assoc. Prof., Ph.D. Major General Le Van Cuong – Former Chief of the Ministry of Public Security’s Strategy Institute – deeply interpreted the “India in the Narendra Modi’s era” in three aspects: The predecessor’s heritage, Narendra Modi style, Strategic breakthroughs. In regard to the predecessor’s heritage, based on data analyses, the author cited a “Asia Times Online” issue in late April 2014 maintaining that 10 years under the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (2004-2014) “The M.Singh administration is coward and incompetent”, consequently, the economy and society were stagnant and confused, and short of determination in foreign policies, becoming a bottle-neck in India’s development path. In regard to the Narendra Modi style, the author asserts that: this person is devoted to the restoration of India, with clear hands, strong determination, and clear-cut stands, this person has made decisions to create breakthrough progresses. Regarding breakthroughs, based on analyses, the author affirms two major breakthroughs 1. Rapid and sustainable recovery of the economic growth and 2. Anti-corruption, and determination to build State bodies untarnished and effectively performing for the people. The author also analyzes in depth the close relationships between the United States and India, and India and Japan. These relationships will help strengthen India, and a strong India is suitable to the interests of Vietnam.
* In regard to economic issues and different steps of economics such as economics – trade, tourism economy
At this conference, this is a matter of great concern among scholars. Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Do Thang Hai approached the matter from mechanisms and policies to interpret the trade and economic relation between Vietnam and India in various facets: trade relation (which includes tables comparing the import and export turn-over between Vietnam and India from 2008 to 2014) and asserts that the bilateral Vietnam – India trade relation will certainly reach the turn-over target set by the two countries’ leaders. The author thoroughly analyzed the bilateral cooperation in the fields of industry, energy, garment and textiles; analyzed the ASEAN – India Trade in Goods Agreement, impacts of this agreement on the Vietnam – India trade relation. The writing also clearly defines barriers and prospects for the development of the Vietnam – India economic and trade relations in the future.
As a person with 30 years of a strong attachment to Vietnam, Mr. Shantanu Srivastava, currently MD & CEO, Ishan International Pvt. Ltd.; Chairman, India-ASEAN Business Promotion Council – ASSOCHAM; Founding Chairman of Indian Business Chamber in Vietnam, examined summarily four decades of the Vietnam – India economic and trade relations in his study “40 years of Vietnam – India economic and trade cooperation and the path ahead”. Quite a few figures in the study are precious materials enabling scientists to have data to analyze, assess and draw valuable lessons, recommend and propose policy makers of both countries to study and promulgate adequate policies to accelerate the development of the Vietnam – India trade cooperation.
Also regarding the issues of trade and investment, authors Mignesh; Prana Moondra, and CB Prakash from Kamma Incorporation of the Indian Business Chamber in Vietnam generally outlined Indian country and people in various aspects: geographical condition, natural condition, population, religion, politics, and economics; and thoroughly analyzed trade and investment opportunities in the fields of pharmacy, garment and textiles, agriculture, food and beverage, seafood, information technology and media; to find answers for the following questions: Which should be done to attract Indian investors? How to do business in India?
Discussing barriers and prospects in the Vietnam – India trade relation, Ph.D Nguyen Quoc Dung – Head of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Region IV – maintains that, in recent years, the Vietnam – India trade cooperation has grown quite stably. This is proved through five aspects: 1. The two-way trade is established in the direction of sustainable growth; 2. Both Vietnam and India maintain a relatively high economic growth; 3. India is a populous country, thus, the consumption market is quite plentiful; 4. Vietnam and India have signed numerous co-operation agreements and co-ordinated with each other in regional and international economic forum; 5. The two economies share certain similarities and can support each other for mutual development. The author also fully analyzed five barriers in the Vietnam – India trade relation and asserted that the two countries will bring into full play achievements, overcoming barriers to flourish.
Approaching the “Look East Policy” and the ASEAN framework, Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Thai Van Long – Deputy head of the Institute for International Relations, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics – interpreted significant achievements, giving impetus for the development of Vietnam – India economic and trade relations in the future. The author put forward proposals that both sides should take into consideration to bring into full play their strengths, address shortcomings, and to attach much importance to the further cooperation in the fields of oil and gas, petrochemistry, garment and textiles, trade and tourism, among others.
Approaching the political economy and development economics, Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Pham Thi Tuy and Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Pham Quoc Trung, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, outlined a picture of the cooperation in economy, through which identified prospects of the Vietnam – India economic and trade relations in five perspectives: 1. Agro-fishery-forestry; 2. Electronic Products; 3. Textiles, garment, and chemicals; 4. Timber and timber products; 5. Mental, rubber. The study also identified four barriers: 1. Farm produce-importing techniques and India; 2. Increased trade protection measures; 3. Trade defense; 4. The competitiveness of commodities. The author puts forward recommendations and asserts that Vietnam and India need to be fully aware of advantages as well as obstacles to boost up development. The studies “The impacts on Vietnamese economy from Free Trade Agreement between ASEAN and India” by Ms. Le Ngoc Han, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Region IV, “Trade development between Vietnam and India – current situation, future prospect and solution” by authors Vu Thi Thu Hien, Vo Van Chi, and Doan Trung Dung from the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Region IV, “The trade development of India from the year of 2000 to present: Current situation and Prospect” by Mr. Vo Minh Tap – University of Social Science and Humanity at Ho Chi Minh City, “The future prospect of Vietnamese – Indian trade development in the field of textiles” by Hoang Thi Quyen – the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Region IV, and “Current situation and potential for export of Vietnamese products to Indian market” by M.A Dang Thuy Dung, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, all limit time for the implementation of bilateral cooperation since India embraced the “Look East Policy”, which means from 1990s of the 20th century to present. These studies analyzed context of both countries, regional and international contexts since the end of the Cold War to present, clearly interprets causes, premises, and conditions for the two countries to raise their traditional diplomatic relationship to a comprehensive strategic partnership. Considering this as essential conditions for accelerating the cooperation in economy and trade. The studies also focused on interpreting the real situation of the Vietnam – India economic and trade relations, potential, development prospect, and recommendations.