Of Studies to be presented at the Scientific Conference
“VIETNAM – INDIA DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION
ON CULTURE, SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND TRAINING”
Assoc. Prof. PhD. Le Van Toan
Director of the Centre of Indian Studies
Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
Your Excellency Prof, Ph.D Ta Ngoc Tan, Member of the Executive Committee of The Communist Party of Vietnam, President of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics!
Your Excellency Mrs. Preeti Saran, Indian Ambassador to Vietnam!
Distinguished guests, Vietnamese, Indian and Vietnamese scholars!
Under the direct instruction of the President of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Prof. Ph.D Ta Ngoc Tan, the Centre for Indian Studies carried out a range of activities, especially scientific research, in the first year of its operation. The first scientific conference which was successfully organized in May 2015 and this scientific conference in the orientation to the international scientific conference to be held in August 2015 present a clear evidence.
The Organizing Board has received more than 70 papers by approximately 100 Vietnamese and Indian scholars. These papers were either written by individuals or by a group of authors. The full participation of politicians, leaders, managers, and scholars, internal and external, indicates the attractiveness of the Vietnam, India and their people, and demonstrates considerable interest in the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and the Centre for Indian Studies. The title of the scientific conference “Vietnam – India development cooperation on culture, society, education and training” meets the essential requirements of the real life, thus, it has attracted the full participation of scholars.
With these initial achievements, on behalf of the Organizing Board and the Centre for Indian Studies, we would like to express our sincere thanks to your distinguished guests and scientists for your sentiments and knowledge for this scientific conference. We wish you all health and happiness. We wish the conference great success!
Your excellencies, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen!
More than 70 papers by Vietnamese and Indian scholars sent to this conference focus on clearly interpreting key contents of the conference.
* In regard to the Vietnam – India cooperation in all aspects
Scholars have interpreted historical and contemporary contexts, internal and external, the root of the Vietnam – India relationship, the development process of this relationship through different periods and prospects for mutual cooperation in the future.
From the history perspective, Prof., Ph.D Mach Quang Thang, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, analyzed the uncanny intimacy, the similarity between intelligence, great aspiration, and lofty human values of the two preeminent leaders Ho Chi Minh and Jawaharlal Nehru from the 1920s to 1970s of the 20th century. The author mentioned numerous historic events to assert the considerable efforts of Presidents Ho Chi Minh and Nehru in setting foundations for the diplomatic tie between Vietnam and India. The paper also generalizes the reality and prospects for the development of Vietnam – India relationship. The author asserted that, “what belong to the present and future originate from the past. President Ho Chi Minh has left behind great and precious spiritual values, one of which is the intimate friendship between Vietnam and India”. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Pham Hong Chuong, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, approached from historical events, particularly President Ho Chi Minh’s writings about India which were printed on books and newspapers at home and abroad, from the West look at India and from the East look at India, and the articles President Ho Chi Minh wrote during his stay in the country of the preeminent leader Mahatma Gandhi, in order to maintain the President Ho Chi Minh’s view in laying a sound basis for the Vietnam – India relationship. Mr. Geetesh Sharma, Chairman of the India – Vietnam Solidarity Committee in West Bengal, who was awarded a Friendship Medal by the Government of Vietnam and spent lots o time studying as published studies on Vietnam and President Ho Chi Minh, in the “President Ho Chi Minh, my icon” paper praised the clear-sighted intelligence, the crystal-like morality, and the great work of President Ho Chi Minh pledged to follow the President’s example. From the tradition perspective, Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Truong Si Hung from the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, thoroughly analyzed the content of 29 media works in different genres including reportage, press trip itinerary, short news, and poems among others and 29 State-level messages and mails that President Ho Chi Minh consecutively sent over to congratulate the birthdays of Prime Minister J. Nehru and Presidents, Vice Presidents and to Indian people from 1954 and a written reply to Mrs Indira Gandhi in September 1968 to assert that President Ho Chi Minh has become a great historical personage, who fostered the increasingly strong growth of the friendship between Viet Nam and India. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Vu Quang Vinh, Ph.D Nguyen Thang Loi, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, presented a panorama depicting the Indian leadership and people’s sentiments towards President Ho Chi Minh and the President’s tokens of affection towards Indian leaders and people during the President’s 10-day visit to the country, to uphold that the President Ho Chi Minh’s visit to India was valuable heritage in the construction and development of the traditional friendship between two countries. Sharing similar viewpoints with scholars mentioned above, MA. Nguyen Thi Thu Hien, Institute of International Relations, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, MA. Tran Thi Thuy, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, region IV, MA. Nong Thi Xuan, Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, MA. Vu Dinh Nam, the University of Transport Technology, MA. Nguyen Trong Luyen, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region I, author Pham Van Hoa, the National Ho Chi Minh Academy of Politics region III, examined summarily historical contexts and eras and thoroughly analyzed the revolutionary paths of President Ho Chi Minh, the President’s sentiments towards and interests in India and her people to demonstrate the President’s efforts and steadfast tie with the Indian revolutionary movements in the first half of the 20th century; asserting that President Ho Chi Minh was the very person who paved the way and laid the foundation for the Vietnam – India friendship.
As a representative from one of the India’s renowned media office, Mrs. Pramonda Patel, The Editor-in-Chief of South Today, through the study of historical and contemporary data between Vietnam and India and external influences, asserted that these data were undeniable testimonies, affirming that he Vietnam-India cooperation on the fields of politics, diplomacy, culture, economics, trade, and defense which had taken root for aged remains steadfast and continuously consolidated. The author clearly indicated the role of diplomacy and maintained that: “Diplomacy is a tool used to improve the prosperity and glory of a nation in a positive sense, and in a negative sense diplomacy is a power tool used to defend one’s country and other national interests.” The author Nguyen Van Huynh, Permanent vice chairman of the Peace and Development Foundation, summarily examined the formulation and development process of the Indian peace and solidarity movement and considerable contributions of the movement to liberating India from the British colonial rule and the movement’s substantial contributions to reinforcing the friendship between Vietnam and India. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Le Van Toan, Director of the Centre for Indian Studies and Ph.D Nguyen Truong Son, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University – Hanoi, in a jointly-written paper, studied historical events from 1927 to 2015, analyzed historical contexts related to the development of Vietnam – Indian cooperation in each period: 1927 – 1950; 1950 -1972; 1972 – 1975; 1976 -1985; 1986 – 1991; 1991 – 2007; 2008 – 2014, to demonstrate the sustainable and non-stop development of the Vietnam – Indian friendship. Ph.D Nguyen Quoc Dung, Director of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region IV in Can Tho City, analyzed Vietnam’s foreign policy, particularly policy with India; Indian’s foreign policy and the position of Vietnam in India’s “Look East Policy” to interpret achievements obtained in the Vietnam – Indian political and diplomatic ties in the first two decades of the 21st century. He maintained that strengthened ties in the fields of politics and diplomacy would facilitate bilateral relationships in other fields. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Nguyen Quoc Pham, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, studied Indian political institution – a parliamentary republic – and stated that Indian foreign policies operate within that institution. The author deeply analyzed historical process from 1950 to the present, studied the bilateral relationship in the aspects of politics, trade, investment, culture, education, science and technology, and defense security, and affirmed that the Vietnam – Indian relationship is pretty promising in the future. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Nguyen Canh Hue, Ho Chi Minh City University of Education, thoroughly analyzed the relationship between Vietnam and India since 1945 in various aspects, presented outstanding achievements and causes to these achievements and asserted that: the Vietnam – Indian tie is based on solid foundations in culture and history, bears quite a lot of similarities in important issues in the region and the world, is tested through time and remains well-developed. The author also analyzed nine prospects in Sri Venkateswara University, India summarily examined historical data to maintain the similarities between two countries in geography, history, and culture and the influences of the common neighbor to affirm that the increasingly fine cooperation between Vietnam and India is a matter of fact and matches with the development rules. The two sides are essential for each other, and essential for the region and the world. The author Vu Quang Diem, former Vietnamese ambassador to India, vice chairman of the Vietnam – Indian Friendship Association, studied similarities between Vietnam and India: similarities in nature, history and in pioneering national liberation movements and similarities in determining development paths in the new era, through which interpreted the constant and pure solidarity between Vietnam and India. Ph.D Vo Xuan Vinh, the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, clearly demonstrated developments in the Vietnam – Indian strategic partnership since 2007 to the present in comparison with Vietnam’s comprehensive partnerships and strategic ties with some other countries. The author also analyzed the significance of this relationship towards Vietnam’s international tie. Ph.D Nguyen Thi Phuong Nam, Ho Chi Minh Ideology Faculty, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region I, studied historical evolutions in the relationship between Vietnam and India, thoroughly analyzed grounds for its establishment and adjustments of foreign policies of the two countries in the new era, established five major pillars in the bilateral development cooperation, analyzed challenges, advantages and prospects in uplifting the Vietnam – India relationship to a new height. Sharing the same viewpoint with authors mentioned above, authors: MA. Ngo Thi Thuy Hien, International Relations Faculty, Academy of Journalism and Communication, MA. Hoang Van Khai, The Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region IV, PhD candidate Vo Minh Tap, Ho Chi Minh City’s University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ph.D Nguyen Thi Phuong Nam and Ho Thi Be Diem, Thu Dau Mot University, Le Ngoc Han, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region IV, MA. Bui Thi Van, the Academy of Journalism and Communication, MA. Nguyen Van Vy, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region IV thoroughly analyzed objective and subjective driving forces, especially similarities, that contributed to accelerating the Vietnam – India relationship; studied the past to outline prospects for the Vietnam – Indian relationship; analyzed achievements gained in the Vietnam – India relationship from 1991 to 2014 in various fields to forecast prospects for the bilateral tie in the future; analyzed Vietnam – Indian relationship in recent years in the interrelation with the relationships with the United States, China, Russia, Japan; analyzed Vietnam factor in India’s foreign policy in ASEAN since 1991 to the present. MA. Pham Thai Hiep from the Luong The Vinh University and MA. Trinh Xuan Thang, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region IV, thoroughly explained similarities in culture and politics and considered these as important factors reinforcing the prospect of the Vietnam – Indian strategic partnership. MA. Phung Thi Thao, Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University – Hanoi, analyzed Buddhist ideology in India’s foreign policy under the Nehru Era, particularly the Middle Way philosophy which influenced the India’s foreign policies towards Southeast Asian nations in the fight against the French colonialism in the 1947-1954 period. (Part 2)