General Overview of Studies to be presented at the Scientific Conference
“Vietnam – India Development Cooperation on Culture, Society, Education and Training”
Assoc. Prof. PhD. Le Van Toan
Director of the Centre of Indian Studies
Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
* In regard to the study of contemporary India
“Apart from physical and geographical aspects, what did India represent in the past?”. To reply to the answer that he asked by himself, Prime Minister Nehru stated that, “India is like a manuscript on sheepskin; on which layers of thinking and meditation were heaped up together, however, the later layers did not completely hide the previous ones. All these create the diversity, complexity and mysteriousness of the ancient and contemporary India”. And this is also a challenge for researchers.
Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Do Thi Thach, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and MA. Le Thi Thu Mai, the National Political Publishing House, analyzed the democracy in the Indian Republic through aspects of: (1) the Indian political system and State organization, particularly: Indian State, the Federal Parliament, the Federal Government, the pluralism and multiparty regime; (2) major features of the current democracy; (3) references to the democracy in Vietnam at present. Journalist Pham Thao, Vietnam News Agency, thoroughly analyzed different types of power in the world currently, asserted the role and influences of soft power, and collected the available data to analyze the Indian soft power, clearly pointing out the strengths of Indian soft power and how Prime Minister Narendra Modi has employed soft power to make the country prosper. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Thai Van Long, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, approached from the requirements of the era to analyze the reciprocal relationships between the hard and soft powers, clearly demonstrating advantages of soft powers as well as India’s efforts to build up and bring into full play soft powers. The author also highlighted noticeable pieces of experience as a reference for Vietnam. Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Nguyen Thanh Loi, Permanent Deputy Director of the Centre for Strengthening Professional Journalism Skills, Vietnam Journalists’ Association, approached from the communication perspective to fully analyze essential foundations of the Indian soft power, highlighting key factors that make the world improve their sympathy with India, typically the Indian film industry. Also the author specified the role of communications in strengthening the capacity of establishing agendas. The paper written by Ho Thi Diem Thanh, the Ho Chi Minh City’s University of Education and MA. Do Thi Thao, Institute of International Relations, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, outlined major features of the Indian soft power, the differences of Indian soft power from other countries’, Indian standpoint of soft power, resources and the formulation and development of soft power, and indicated the limitations and prospects of developing soft power of India. Ph.D Nguyen Duc Toan, Quy Nhon University, approached from the history perspective to study Indian political paths during the first years of the Republic (1950-1964), in which the author fully analyzed three solutions that the Government of Prime Minister Nehru adopted to bring firm stability to the national politics, which is used as a foundation for national development. The author Vo Van Chi, the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics region IV, generalized the social-political situations in India at the present through a number of key points: general view of India, political institution, the division of ranks, social policy and social security of India. The paper written by Nguyen Thi Nhuong, Quang Tri School of Politics, Vu Thi Huyen Trang, Nam Dinh Industrial College, MA. Vo Van Thanh, Centre for Religion Studies, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences – the southern branch, generalized the country and people of India, basic cultural and social features, the Ganges – a river of supernatural power in the spiritual life of Indians – and the Karma (action) theory in some Indian religions and philosophy.
Your Excellencies, Distinguished Guests, and Scientists!
Besides 75 papers sent over by nearly 100 scholars presenting their viewpoints, and certainly the conference will listen to many more standpoints to be discussed here. What we receive here are the intelligence, love, and passion for scientific research, and the enthusiasm that you - distinguished guests and scientists – have for Vietnam, India and their people, for the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, and for the Centre for Indian Studies. Through this scientific activity, we all have attempted to connect the “self” with the “ourselves”, connect one nation with the other, connect Vietnam with India and contribute to make the Vietnam – Indian development cooperation increasingly steadfast.
Once again, I would like to express my sincere thanks to your presence at this conference! I wish you all, Indian and Vietnamese, health and happiness! I wish the conference great success!