“The current trend shows that India can meet around $3.9 trillion infrastructure investment out of $4.5 trillion. The cumulative figure for India’s infrastructure investment gap would be around $526 billion by 2040,” it said.
There was massive under-investment in infrastructure sector until the recent past due to collapse of public private partnerships, especially in power and telecom projects; stressed balance sheets of private companies; issues related to land and forest clearances, it said.
The need of the hour is to fill the infrastructure investment gap with financing from private investment, institutions dedicated to infrastructure financing like National Infrastructure Investment Bank and also global institutions like Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and New Development Bank which are focusing more on sustainable development projects and infrastructure projects.
The Survey pointed out that there was scope for developing the shipbuilding industry, currently dominated by South Korea, China and Japan, in India. This will not only create a strong manufacturing base but also generate millions of jobs.
“India is located strategically on the international trade route, whereby it can attract ships plying from west to east in the trade route for its ship-repair activity. Geostrategic location of India, abundance of labour and quality of work are the strengths for the ship-repair business,” it said.
On road sector, the Survey said as on September 2017, out of the 1,263 total ongoing monitored projects across sectors, there were 482 projects in road transport and highways with (original) cost of 3,17,373.9 crore. Of these, 43 projects face cost overruns and 74 projects time overruns.
Further, it added that the share of Indian Railways in freight movement has been declining over a period of time primarily due to non-competitive tariff structure. “While the passenger fare had remained more or less flat, the freight fare has increased sharply over the year.”
The telecom sector is going through a “stress period with growing losses, debt pile, price war, reduced revenue and irrational spectrum costs,” the survey added. A new entrant has disrupted the market with low-cost data services and the revenue of incumbent players has fallen. The crisis has also severely impacted investors, lenders, partners and vendors of these telecom companies,” it said.