Building alliance and partnership in the US strategies of rebalancing to Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific
M.A Nguyễn Thị Tú Hoa*
Alliances, partnerships are crucial to the global strategy of the US, “proving a durable, asymmetric strategic advantage that no competitor or rival can match”. They join the US in “defending freedom, deterring war and maintaining the rules which underwrite a free and open international order”. The two strategies of rebalancing to Asia-Pacific and Indo – Pacific share a vision on building the networks of allies and partners in the region consistent with American interests and values, capable of facing the challenges in the changing world and solving regional and global issues.
In both strategies, India is emerging as an important partner of the US, with increasingly important role to peace and security in the region. The US seeks to strengthen a long-term strategic partnership with India so that India can serve as “economic anchor and provider of security” in the region. India plays a more important role as the centrepiece in the Indo-Pacific strategy, in which Trump administration seeks to enhance engagements with India under the US-Japan- India – Australia Quadrilateral framework.
The biggest difference between two strategies is issues concerning China. Obama administration seeks to promote cooperation with China for mutual as well as regional and global benefits, taking the rising China as part of the open and rules-based system, managing competition between the two countries on the basis of international rules and norm while avoiding confrontation. Meanwhile, Trump administration takes harder view of China as the rival and one of three main challenges to the US, believing that China is seeking to take place of the US in the Indo-Pacific region. The US also strongly denounces China’s activities in Indo-Pacific region, including militarization in the South China Sea, threatening sovereignty of many countries in the region…
* International Relation Institute, Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics