In its latest World Economic Outlook, the IMF said India will grow 7.3% in FY19 and 7.4% in FY20. It had in January forecast FY20 growth at 7.5%. China is forecast to grow 6.6% and 6.2% in 2018 and 2019, respectively. The Indian economy grew 6.7% in FY18.
“This acceleration reflects a rebound from transitory shocks (the currency exchange initiative and implementation of the national goods and services tax), with strengthening investment and robust private consumption,” the IMF said. The forecast for investment growth in FY19 is weaker than in April, despite higher capital spending.
India’s medium-term growth prospects remain strong at 7.75%, benefiting from ongoing structural reform and a favourable demographic dividend, the report said. The economic recovery is supported by domestic demand-led pickup.
In its monetary policy review on Friday, the RBI had retained its FY19 growth forecast at 7.4%.
The IMF expects the current account deficit to worsen to 3% of GDP in the current fiscal year before improving to 2.5% in FY20.
Inflation is projected at 4.7% in FY19 compared with 3.6% in FY18 amid accelerating demand and rising fuel prices.
Core inflation, excluding all food and energy items, has risen to about 6% as a result of a narrowing output gap and pass-through effects from higher energy prices and exchange rate depreciation, the IMF said.
It has called for an increase in policy rates by 25–50 basis points given the outlook on inflation. RBI kept the repo rate unchanged at 6.5% in its monetary policy review last week. A basis point is 0.01percentage point.
In view of the rupee’s depreciation, the IMF has said foreign exchange interventions should be limited to addressing disorderly market conditions while protecting reserve buffers. The rupee has weakened about 13% since the start of 2018.
It recognised important reforms such as GST, the inflation-targeting monetary policy framework, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, and steps to liberalise foreign investment and make it easier to do business. It called for a renewed impetus for reforming labour and land markets, along with further improvements to the business climate.
At the global level, data show weakening in trade, manufacturing, and investment, the IMF said. “Overall, world economic growth is still solid compared with earlier this decade, but it appears to have plateaued,” it said. Global growth is seen 0.2 percentage points lower than the previous forecast in both the years to 3.7% each, same as that in 2017.
China’s growth is seen lower in 2019 because of the latest round of US tariffs on Chinese imports.
Other risks facing the global economy include the possible failure of Brexit negotiations and tightening financial conditions for emerging market and developing economies.